Genetic research efforts that affect such improvements must be developed with an in-depth understanding of consumer attitudes, beliefs, and social acceptance related to products of genetic selection and modification.
Recognition and application of effective communication of how new products are developed and work toward greater understanding of the science of genetics are essential. Aquaculture survival rates are comparatively less than those achieved in terrestrial animal production systems. Increases in overall survival through the production cycle, particularly for the larval phases, have the potential to markedly increase production worldwide.
Research on practical ways to improve biosecurity of aquaculture facilities, cost-effective disease surveillance programs, and improved understanding of the epidemiology of emerging pathogens can lead to greater prevention and reduced spread of diseases. While a growing array of supplements, probiotics, and prebiotics have been developed to enhance immune resistance and increase overall resilience, many have not been formally evaluated under commercial conditions or proven to be cost effective.
Research devoted to more effective and easily administered vaccinations will be required Peterson et al. Chemical and biological treatment of disease will become increasingly restricted, thereby requiring new compounds, methods of administration, and above all, sustainable therapeutics. Aquaculture has become a darling for international economic investment, offering strong returns and growth unparalleled in all other primary production sectors, attracting industry giants such as Mitsubishi and Cargill into the fold within the past year Terazono Commoditization and global investment can increase industry instability, but also significantly increase reach and broaden economies of scale.
Macroeconomics research to understand the impacts of exposure to global investment systems will be central to predicting growth in commodity species worldwide.
Increased understanding of national policies and their effects, particularly for extremely large producers such as China, will also be required to take advantage of potential changes in consumption and trade patterns. Accurate and realistic economic and financial benchmarking data and models are needed to support investor decisions related to aquaculture businesses. The extent of economies of scale and the subsequent effects on potential profitability must be identified and communicated clearly to guide investors to feasible systems and species and reduce the number of aquaculture business failures.
Socioeconomic research is needed to understand more completely the conditions under which small-scale aquaculture development will relieve poverty and enhance food security and those under which it will not. The lack of comprehensive studies on the demand and supply of adequate amounts and quality of labor needs to be addressed for aquaculture businesses to continue to thrive worldwide.
Aquaculture companies increasingly have come to rely on inexpensive labor or workers from other countries. As standards of living continue to increase worldwide, the availability of the types of labor required in aquaculture businesses may become a serious constraint. Understanding the dynamics of the labor market for aquaculture can help to chart pathways for planning for mechanization and automation that will be required with increased scarcity of labor. Equally important will be the increased understanding of national and international regulatory frameworks.
Potential resource conflicts can be avoided by appropriate research. For example, use of marine spatial planning as an enabling platform has the potential to lead to novel models for co-use and optimal spatial configurations.
Research is needed on innovative policy alternatives and mechanisms that address the need to increase aquaculture production while addressing environmental concerns. Continued engineering research will be needed to further develop productivity through the enhancement of production systems and technologies for both inland and offshore production. While closed, land-based systems are often preferable for larval and juvenile stages, larger open systems are often better suited for production of more robust animals ready for growout.
Research will need to identify optimal combinations and timing of production systems to ensure the best performance of animals in all life stages, along with research that focuses on intensive culture conditions in response to increasingly limited space for open systems. Key technology advances to improve filtration will be necessary for the development of zero-exchange recirculating aquaculture systems RAS and energy requirements of RAS must be significantly reduced to improve sustainability.
As zero-waste requirements increase, research into the reuse and recycling of all waste streams from aquaculture, such as solid wastes in the form of biodeposits, will be required. The Internet of Things concept, connecting all sensors and data-gathering devices to the Internet where their data are available, increases the already vast amount of data available along aquaculture value chains.
These data range from production facilities, harvesting, and processing systems through to bulk and retail markets and the end consumer. Operational systems research directed to the ability to optimize value by harnessing Big Data all along the production chain will be imperative Dunke et al. Linking data not only allows stakeholders to ensure supply chain integrity but also engages consumers and convinces them of product quality and sustainability. Long-term regional monitoring of water quality and other parameters expected to be affected by climate change is needed to accurately model likely effects.
Open aquaculture sites and species will be exposed to global climate change extreme events and complex physicochemical interactions of CO2 with more important water quality parameters Steinberg et al. In the absence of adequate long-term data, it is difficult to assess modifications that will be needed to manage aquaculture production facilities in the future. For example, Somridhivej and Boyd , using a long-term data set of water quality parameters, concluded that increasing alkalinity of inland waters was unlikely to affect aquaculture production in the foreseeable future.
Specific species and production system models that address regional concerns are required. Risks and uncertainties are inevitable, and many other key research needs have not been included here. However, we feel that this perspective provides at least a basis for discussion and consideration for the development of future research agendas.
Leading world experts in various aquaculture disciplines will contribute their views on research priorities for the coming years. Event Calendar Submit Event. Aquaculture Research Priorities for the Next Decade: Engle Tuesday, January 16, Markets and Consumer Demand Ultimately, consumers will drive what aquaculture products, which supply chains, and which product attributes they are willing to support with their buying power.
Genetics Aquaculture genetic selection and classic selective breeding programs leading to domesticated species have lagged significantly behind terrestrial systems and need to expand. Health and Survival Aquaculture survival rates are comparatively less than those achieved in terrestrial animal production systems.
Economics and Regulation Aquaculture has become a darling for international economic investment, offering strong returns and growth unparalleled in all other primary production sectors, attracting industry giants such as Mitsubishi and Cargill into the fold within the past year Terazono Technology and Systems Continued engineering research will be needed to further develop productivity through the enhancement of production systems and technologies for both inland and offshore production.
Climate Change and Sustainability Long-term regional monitoring of water quality and other parameters expected to be affected by climate change is needed to accurately model likely effects. Discussion Risks and uncertainties are inevitable, and many other key research needs have not been included here. Literature Cited Dunke, F.
Nickel , and F. Time traps in supply chains: European Journal of Operational Research 3: See implement defined for English-language learners. See implement defined for kids. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'implement.
I wondered how I might best implement his plan. Due to high costs, the program was never fully implemented. All synonyms and antonyms for implement Spanish Central: Translation of implement Nglish: Translation of implement for Spanish speakers Britannica English: Translation of implement for Arabic speakers.
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Definition of implement 1: See implement defined for English-language learners See implement defined for kids. Examples of implement in a Sentence They eat with us, do the beach with us; the girls, K. Recent Examples of implement from the Web Despite his large fleet of implements , McCloskey does not farm.