Mit dem Oldtimer Traktor gemütlich ein paar Runden drehen und in Nostalgie schwelgen
The population was about 68, in The area was possibly settled originally by Celts , but was later taken over by the Romans , who called the town Cambodunum.
Kempten is the oldest urban settlement town in Germany. This is considered the oldest written reference of any German city. So far no archaeological evidence could be found that this Celtic settlement really existed. Later the settlement was named Cambodunum. In the following years the city was rebuilt on a classical Roman city plan with baths, forum and temples. The city possibly served as provincial capital of Raetia during the first century before Augsburg took over this role.
Extensive archaeological excavations at the end of the 19th century and again during the s at what were then the outskirts of Kempten unearthed the extensive structural foundations. The original site of Cambodunum was then abandoned and the settlement moved to a strategically safer location on the Burghalde hill overlooking the river Iller. In the middle of the 5th century the last Roman troops had left the area and the city was entirely taken over by the Alemanni.
After the Romans abandoned the settlement, it was moved from the hill down to the plains located next to the river Iller.
In written sources, the town appears as Cambidano. Being still predominantly Alemannic, the town once more was destroyed by the Franks in as a consequence of the city's support of an uprising against the Frankish kingdom. After several ravages by the Magyars , Ulrich of Augsburg , bishop of Augsburg and also abbot of Kempten , began the rebuilding of the monastery and the city in However in , King Rudolf I of Germany also granted special privileges to the urban settlement in the river valley, making it the Free Imperial City of Kempten.
In the last property rights of the abbots in the Imperial City were sold in the so-called "Great Purchase", marking the start of the co-existence of two independent cities bearing the same name next to each other. More conflict arose after the Imperial City converted to Protestantism in direct opposition to the Catholic monastery and Free City in During the turmoil of the Thirty Years' War —33 , both cities were destroyed by the imperial forces and the Swedish troops respectively.
Lorenz Basilica as a new church to serve the parish and monastery, including a representative residence for the Duke-Abbots. Neuburg has learned to look after its over 5, hectares of river valleys and meadows. This is the place to enjoy nature calmly, for walks, fishing, boating or just simply for a little peace and quiet.
The Danube is altogether the bond that holds so much in Neuburg together: Just like its bridges, the river belongs to the townscape. It is the river that connects history back through the centuries with neighbouring towns like Donauwörth, Ingolstadt or Kelheim, and with the big wide world, too.
Experience the joy of living at Neuburg's Medieval Town Festival, when the whole town steps back into the age of the Renaissance and 1, citizens slip into the garments of country mercenaries, ballad-singers and court dancers. But the joy of living can be more than that: You don't need to go to the theatre just for a laugh, although the former ducal granary and its present-day programme - rich in contrast - is indeed a class apart.
The open-air production of the Bavarian version of "Everyman" accentuates not only the transitory nature of life but also Neuburg's tradition for amateur dramatics. Germany's smallest opera company, the Neuburg Chamber Opera is likewise well worth a mention. There is ample room for avant-garde and classical art exhibitions in the "Fletz" and "Fürstengang".
For its courses in art, music and theatre, the Summer Academy has earned a name for itself far afield. The reputation enjoyed by the Neuburg Baroque concerts is also unlimited. If you are looking for atmosphere - or even international stars then Neuburg's jazz club is just the place. Later, under the name of "Nivenburcg", Neuburg became a royal court. As an episcopal see, the town flourished for years.
Neuburg's history came to a climax in when the town suddenly became the capital of the newly-formed principality "Junge Pfalz". Duke Ottheinrich, full of life and obsessed with the arts, became the first sovereign. Seven dukes succeeded him and ruled Neuburg through its heyday for three centuries. Between the gates at either end of the Upper Town, the churches of St.
Peter and the "Hofkirche" take on a dominating role. And in any case, have a look at the Ancient Mint and the treasures of the Provincial Library as well. Grünau is certainly worth a visit, and not solely on account of the hunting lodge that was built for the amusement of Duke Ottheinrich.
You will be pleasantly surprised, too, at the romantic crypt and the Baroque splendour of the pilgrims' church of the Holy Cross in Bergen. Then climb the Finkenstein rocks for a breathtaking view down along the Danube valley. Take a look back 80, years into history in the Neandertal caves in Mauern. Nearby just get on the local steam train and enjoy the scenery at a leisurely pace. Or perhaps you prefer sailing?