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Registration starts at 10am with the first riders receiving FREE tshirts and pins. Giving away 3 motorcycles! Leaves from Shiawassee Sports Center N. Breyer Rd in Birch Run at 4pm. Ends at Circus Park W. Proceeds go to support deployed soldiers. Lessons on buying a motorcycle, insurance, safety and riding gear. Proceeds go to uninsured and under-insured women in Antrim County.

Pre-register before May 26th and receive a ride tshirt. Proceeds benefit LakeVille Community sports programs. Kenneth Bidlack Memorial Poker Run. Proceeds benefit the recreation fund at Battle Creek Veterans Hospital. Celebrate Hero's Month and earn reward points. Proceeds to benefit the Ozone House, helping runaway and homeless youth. Free tent camping and bottomless "mug" with admission.

Look for The Motorcycle Lawyer and our new truck! Last bike in at 5pm. Includes entry to festivities at Wheel Inn Campground afterward. Live bands, pig roast, beer tent and vendors! Andy Ross Charity Motorcycle Ride. Hosted by Trenton Firefighters Charities. Ends back at Elizabeth park with a cookout and live music. Benefits The Children's Heart Foundation. Learn to ride from one of the best teachers in Michigan. There's also going to be a Swap Meet area.

National Ride To Work Day!! All money contributed will be donated to fallen or wounded US soldier's families. He's a trauma surgeon who specializes in the treatment of motor vehicle crash injuries. He'll be speaking about his work with automotive engineers to enhance vehicle safety design. Cruise Kick-Off Thursday in Wyandotte before the show.

Stop by The Motorcycle Lawyer tent while you're cruisin' for some free swag! Camping areas, hookups and dump stations available. For more info call Jeannie or Bill at Bikers For Blindness Poker Run. Alamo's Classics in the Park. Shields Fest Motorcycle Show.

For the first time, this event is open to everyone! Anyone who rides should participate in this event. Wherever you are, get on your bike and ride today, whether it's 1 mile or Watch the virtual odometer roll to 1 Million!

Louis Center Blessing of The Bikes. Swimming and camping available for the whole weekend. Gates open at 10am with vendors, food, bands, and military displays. All Proceeds with go to Veterans and local "Fallen Heroes".

Professional rider Cody Cavanaugh showing off X-Games style stunts. All proceeds stay in Southeastern Michigan. Food, drinks, entertainment, prizes, ride pin and Guest appearance by The Misty Blues. Ride ends at Randy's Roadhouse in Onsted. Luau goes from 10am-5pm with the Blood Mobile around until 4pm. Dedicated to the Memory of Tony and Karen Taliercio. Ride ends with a BBQ, music, drawings and more! Love for Lyric Benefit Ride. Cruze begins at 9am and heads to Auto City Speedway in Clio.

Sponsored by Axeman Firefighters Motorcycle Club. Includes t-shirt, pin, refreshments, dinner, entertainment and door prizes. Gates open at 10am Saturday and 9am Sunday. All proceeds go to Fraser Lion Charities. Davidson Express Michigan Chopper Fest.

Dominick Calhoun Memorial Ride. Live entertainment, silent auction, raffles and more. Bike shows, games, seminars, parades and MORE. Annual Tool Shed Charity Run. Registration at 10am, last bike out at 12pm. Ends at Tool Shed Munger. Pig roast, BBQ, and entertainment from pm. Registration begins at 9am. All proceeds to American Red Cross. Lucheon after the ride. Ride begins at noon. Benefit pm at Kent City Lounge. For more info call or Ride ends at Evart Moose Lodge for a benefit dinner and fundraising activities dinner not included in ride price.

Annual Riders For Hospice. All proceeds go to Sparrow Hospice Services. Ride goes for 80 miles with 10 different stops! Stay after for food, music and prizes! Enjoy food, door prizes, raffles, and more! Vietnam Memorial Wall Escort. Marion Car and Bike Show. Registration begins at 11am, and ride will leave from there at noon. Ride ends at GiGi's in Corunna with dinner.

Ride is miles long with 7 stops at different fire stations in Shiawassee County. End of ride activities include dinner, entertainment, raffles, an auction and more! Rally features extreme sport celebrity Jason Britton and Team No-Limit who will perform 3 motorcycle stunt shows, including demonstrations by local stunt riders, live music, food, and motorcycle and clothing vendors.

More info to come. Proceeds to Kevin Swafford Memorical Scholarship. Live Blues music all day, bikini contest, ride in bike contest. Bike concets and music begins at 11am. Run starts at noon. All donations go to Arrowhead Community Scholarship Class of Registration begins at 8: Prizes for 1st and 2nd place, door prizes too.

West starting point at Picknet location, East starting point at Southfield location. Starts 9am, depature at 10am. Enjoy music and food. Ride for Vets Poker Run. Registration begins at 10am. Join over , bikers! A whole block of campsites prepared with ice, food, drinks, bands, biker games and more! Ride with group leaders on daily rides or create your own schedule! Destination ride meeting in Hell Michigan.

There will be some designated starting points where volunteers will lead and you can join in and follow, or you can make your own route. Register behind Screams Ice Cream. Donation ride, no fee. Look forward to motorcycle rodeo games, bike show, balloon release to honor fallen heroes, door prizes, and more! Also enjoy a BBQ picnic, raffles, an auction, prizes, and more!

Head for the Hills Customer Appreciation Ride. Starts at 10am, ride leaves at 1pm. The ride ends back in Gravel Pit. Band and raffle too! Enjoy live entertainment, poker run and free rustic camping! For more info call HOPE at Stop anywhere along the way!

For more info contact Jay R. Hangout after the ride for door prizes, raffels, and pig roast! Benefits Children's Miracle Network. For more info call David at , ext Check in Gregory's Barber Shop day of event. For more info call Kevin at or. Gold Wing Riders Midnight Ride. Ends at Kewadin Casino in St. Watch the "Parade of Lights" in St.

Breakfast and activities at the casino after the ride. Ride-in bike show, battle of the bands, burnout pit, vendors, food, and beer tent. FREE to the public! Look for The Motorcycle Lawyer at this fun event! Pig Roast and Poker Run. Ride leaves at 10am and last bike out will be at 11am. Pre-register online website below. The fee includes dinner after the ride.

Ride ends back at Davidson for the party to enjoy live bands, prizes, food, drinks and vendors. For more info call Danny at or. Find more info and updates on the Porcupine Press Facebook page. Experience Michigan with all your fellow bikers! Free entry ride in Bike Show, trophies presented after. Enjoy a carshow featuring 30 GM vehicles, motorcycle show, and art competition!

Artists have 3 hours to compete for prizes, and GM team members will be on-site for final judging of cars, art, and American made motorcycles.

Live and silent auction. No cost for event, donation and participation in auction encouraged to help support MDA. Pass the Ponytail Poker Run. Ride ends with a hog roast, prizes, and entertainment! For more info email t4bikerunyahoo. Ride for Literacy Books for Kids. For more info call or visit. Registration begins at 10am, ride leaves at noon.

Starts and ends at Fire N Ice. Registration begins at 9am, ride leaves at 10am. Stay for lunch after! Registration begins at After the ride stick around for the dunk tank, lilve music, drawings, and vendors!

For more info call Diane at Registration begins at 9am, ride at Registration includes lunch, ride, and t-shirt. In memory of George Gorno Sr. Registration starts at 8am, Ride begins at 10am.

Friday night party begins after 6pm. Supports Great Lakes Burn Camp. After enjoy entertain and specials! Enjoy pig roast, Vets vendors, and Vets tribute. Registration begins at 12pm. First bike out at 1pm and last bike in at 4: For more info call Larry at or Gregg at All Proceeds go to the Muscular Dystrophy Association.

Livingston County Ride for the Red. After the ride enjoy live entertainment and door prizes. Don't miss out on door prizes, awards, vendors, swap-meet, and food! Peoples choice bike show open to all makes and models, no classes. Registration begins at 2pm. Show goes from pm. Trophies for top 10 places will be awarded directly following the show. Bikers for Babies- West Michigan.

Biker service 11am followed by ride. Chili cookoff following the ride. First bike out 10am and last bike out at noon. For more info contact Diane at Free motorcycle parking on Brush St and at Hockeytown Cafe. End of Summer Pig Roast Bash.

Come enjoy one of the best pig roasts on the east side! Bruischart's 1st Annual Charity Run. Pre-registration by phone, on-site registration from 9am Proceeds benefit the Children's Hunger Relief Fund.

Enjoy live entertainment and cookout after! Starts Friday at 10am, Ends Sunday at 5pm. Food, music, vendors, fashion, law enforcement rodeo, doughnut eating contest and MORE. Check out The Motorcycle Lawyer tent while you're there! First bike out at 10am,. Enjoy free coffe, donuts, and chili! Davidson Express Fall Bike Show. Show begins at noon. Judged by celebrity judges. September 30th-October 2nd, A weekend of fun and relaxation for bikers to end the riding season. Davidson Express Fall Benefit Run.

Michigan Dressers Toys for Kids Rally. All ride proceeds go to a locally sponsored child and their family to help with medical bills. Thousands of bikers buying, selling and trading. New and used parts to custom and vintage parts.

You won't want to miss out on thousands of bikes that will be sold, swapped, as well as frames, motors, touring accessories, seat, wheels, tires, front ends, tanks, and much, much more! Every known brand and every hard to find part!

As well as hundreds of commerical vendors. Beer and food on sale. Tons of motorcycle goods! From leather, to new and used motorcycle parts, accessories and more! For more info call Angela at , email craigmiller gibraltartrade.

Come to the International Bike Show! Friday January 6 from pm, Saturday January 7 from 9: Enjoy custom bike show, demo rides, stunt shows and much more! Mid Michigan's Original Motorcycle Bash. Over 70, square feet of bikes and parts!

Buy, sell or swap! Turn your spare parts into cash! Thousands of bikers will be buying, selling and swapping bikes, frames, motors, touring accesories and more!

Win valuable door prizes every half hour! Buy your tickes online and get the early bird special-get into the show early! Doors open at 11am until midnight. Proceeds are being raised for the American Cancer Society. If you're a vendor and interested in participating please call now as spots are limited. For more info call Loreen at Beer and mixers included, but bring own other adult beverages.

Enjoy deep fried pork, live music by SRP and a silent and live auction! If you are interested in entering a chili please be there by 6: Children 12 and under FREE. This chapter meets on the 2nd Sunday of the month at 5pm, rain or shine! A short will follow the meeting, weather permitting. This meeting is open to ALL makes and models. If you are already a star member please bring your membership card. If you'd like to reserve a spot it must be done in advance.

All vendors need to be on the grounds by 9: Buy your tickes online and get the early bird. Buy tickets online for the early bird special! Get into the show early! Come where thousands will be buying, swapping and selling all sorts of motorcycle parts and accessories new, used, antique and rare. Enjoy food, beer, and door prizes every half hour! Ramada Lansing Hotel and Conference Center. Listen to live entertainment from pm, and 8pm-midnight. Come Saturday from 10am-8pm, and Sunday from 10am-6pm.

Shop around for bike parts, trailers, chrome accessories,. Your choice Bike Competitions! Giant Swap Meet Grand Rapids. Tickets will be sold in advance and at the door. Your ticket enters you into the grand prize drawing, and you do NOT need to be present to win! For more info contact Mike at The orignal maple syrup festival in Michigan!

Ride will be leaving at noon sharp. The ride ends at Rocky's Great Outdoors, Burton. Registeration is at 11am, the Blessing begins at 2pm. Entrance is FREE, as is the blessing, food and activities. Enjoy a great bike show along with prizes,.

Benefits the Christian Neighbors Food Pantry. Leaves Davidson Express at noon. For more info call Davidson Express Otsego at For Ride-In Bike Show sign in from 11am-1pm. Trophies for all classes! Food and beverage available, please no alcohol.

For vender info call Cheryl at or. Bike show starts at 9: This fun event will feature food, music, door prizes, trophies, and much more! Genesee County's Largest Motorcycle Event! Come rain or shine! You can pre-register on Friday, May 11th at their Pre-Reg.

Party being held at Shriner Circus Park from 6pmam. Kids 12 and under are free and should be off the premises by 9pm. Ride will end at Shriner's Park with live music, food, vendors, and beer tent. For more info contact Randy at Order your shirt by April 15 as there will be NO extras. For more info please contact Linda at or email. Gates open on both days at noon. No one under 21 after 6pm. For more info call Buddha at or Storm at Don't miss out on vendors from all over the U.

Camping is also available. Blessing will occur on Sunday 20th, gates open at 9am, at the airport sponsored by Para Dice Motorcycle Club. Join over 40 thousand bikers who make it out every year! Registration begins at 9: This is a family friendly, non-drinking event. Proceeds go to benefit Biking for Burns. For more info call Jeremy at or Kevin at This event will feature camping, a bike blessing, a huge beer tent, food, among other refreshements, and much more!

Car and Motorcycle Show. First entrants will receive dash plaques, goodie bags, and free lunch! All attendees will enjoy free entry, door prizes, free refreshments, food, and a variety of vendors! For more info call Alleen at or Phil at Pancake breakfast begins at 6am.

Sponsored by the Otsego Lions Club. Besides the poker run you will enjoy food, raffles, door prizes,.

Tickets availbe for purchase at Bubba's Tri-City Cycle or online at bubbas. A Memorial Day tribute to honor the memory of veterans. Registration begins at 11am in the Wayne County Community. College Western Campus' front parking lot. The ride is police escorted through Van Buren Township into Belleville. Following there will be a memorial service. Starting May 30th and going thru June 20th come out to. Bike Night every Wednesday starting at 6pm.

Their ride will be Saturday, June 23rd check it out on our calendar for all the info! May 31st-June 3rd, This event which features custom bikes of all makes and models!

Look for customs, factory makes, European, and much more! Concessions, custom bike show, live entertainment,. Friday, June 1st come out for a night ride from 6pm Saturday, June 2nd event runs from 10am Early registration begins at 9: Blessing beginst at 2: For more info call Robb at or.

Besides the ride the event will also host door prizes,. For more info call Alexa at or. First to register will receive a ride patch! For more info call Susan at or. This event begins at The bike show will consist of 4 different classes, and. Great Lakes Harley Roundup. Some of the MANY activities to part-take in include: Sawdust Mountain noon til 8 p.

Strut your Stuff Bike Show Sat. Oscoda Bike Daze Don't miss out on a chance to win 1 of the 3 motorcycles that will be raffled off! Enjoy a tour of the area, either guided or non-guided, with stops along the way. Michigan Military Vehicle Preservation. The Theme this year is 'Military Motorcycles. For more info call Chuck at or. A 70 mile ride to raise money for breast cancer research. Raffle tickets for a Cafe Racer Motorcycle will also be sold for.

Fore more info call Steve at or. Forgotten Eagles Chapter 3. Dinner starts at 5pm. For more info call Mark at or Cap at All proceeds will be donated to various charities. For more info call Tim at or. Registration begins at 10am, the ride starts at noon.

Attendees will also enjoy live music, vendors,. For more info call Marci at or. This event will feature live entertainment, games,. Registration from first bike out at 10am. Drawing will for this event will start at 4: Percentage of proceeds go to Just for Kids Foundation. Ticket holder need not be present to win.

If fewer than tickets are sold, the raffle will revert to drawing. All proceeds benefit Henry Ford Wyandotte Hospital,. For more info call T Funtsch at or. Come on out and support some fun and exciting races!!! Workman Memorial Run for the Vets. Registration begins at 10am, ride leaves at 11am. All proceeds go to benefit Disable American Veterans. For more info contact John at or. Other scheduled activities include: Biker Games from 11am Live music will be performed by Godstruck.

For more info call Shellie at or. Poker run style with several stops along the way TBD. Macomb Special Olympics Poker Run. Registration begins at 9am, first bike out at 11am. Stops along the way include: Fraternal Order of Eagles Fair Haven,. For more info call Melanie at or. Shields Summer Fest Motorcycle Show. All proceeds go to benefit the VA Hospital.

You can pre-register or drop off donations at. This 4 day event promises to be a good time! Wednesday, June 27 Family Fun Night-more info to come! More info to come on this event to come! You can also call Jeremy or Bethan at or ,.

Departing at 6pm for dinner destination,. Return to Wil Lew for live entertainment weather permitting. Quite an event list! For more info contact Loreen at or. Ride started by Special Olypmic Athletes. The ride fee is a tax deductible donation to Special Olympics Michigan Area Come for food, silent auction, and raffle, all motorcycles welcome! For more info call Jerry at Check in at 9am, bikes out at Come for music, raffles, prizes and more!

For more info call Debbie at Dice Roll Stops include: Red Dog Saloon in Milford,. Thunder on the Lakshore Motorcycle Show. Event runs from noon-5pm. It is a judged show with 10 different classes: Stick around after the show for "Looking Back".

Bob Seger Tribute Band from 7pmpm, and fireworks at 10pm. This chapter meets on the 2nd Sunday of the month. A 6 day event in Grand Rapids MI. Enjoy bike shows, contests, Miss RBW, vendors, music,. Thrills in the Irish Hills. Enjoy food and beer, prizes, live music, Harley Davidsion raffle,.

For more info contact Joe at ,. National Flat Track Series. Pits open at 3pm, grandstands open at 5pm,. This is a weeklong event! You have the option of going for the entire week, weekend, or Saturday, and camping with your motor home or trailer! Here is the schedule for the entire week: Corral Party Tent is hosted by Ernest Entertainment all week!

Pre-register before June 1st and receive a discounted price,. You can register the day of the event starting at 9am,. Proceeds go to Great Lakes Burn Camp, a camp set up to. M ichigan Gathering of the Guard. The full registration includes Heros Ride Patch, Wristband,. Enjoy a silent and live auction following the dinner along with entertainment! There will be over night stops at Alpena, Munising,. Manistique and Clare along with special pricing for hotel stays on the ride. All proceeds from the ride go to Michigan Veterans in need.

For more info contact Jim at , email jjohnston gmail. This event officially starts on Thursday and goes until Sunday. The schedule for the weekend is as follows: Blessing of the Bikes 8: Annual Ride for Hospitalized Veterans.

Line up at 10am and leave at noon. Dingell VA Medical Center. For more info call Vets Supports Center at or. Proceeds benefit the Justice ofr Dominick Calhoun Inc.

Come for live bands, silent auction, and a spaghetti dinner at. For more info call Chris and Tammy at Ride leaves at noon. Picnic in the park from noon till dark. Motorcycle rodeo starts at 2: As Part of Detroit Bike Week.

With so much action you won't want to miss this event! Come Thursday from 5pmam, Friday 4pm-1am,. Attendees will enjoy custom bike shows, stunt riders, destination rides,. DBW saloon, and much more! Michigan Chopper Fest VI. For more info call Davidson Express Otesgo at or visit www. Must be a combat wounded veteran per request of the host. Bikers for Boobs Ride IV.

For more info call Norm at Breakfast is from 10am For more info call Sherri at Registration begins at 10am, kickstands up at 11am.

All proceeds go to Domestic Violence Awareness. If you would like to pre-register make payable to: For more info or to pre-register call Carl at Proceeds raise awareness for. Hereditary Hemorrhagi Telagiectasia, or H. Come for this police escorted ride for food from. Free beverages and donuts. For more info call Mike at Come for food, beverages, entertainment, and more!

Come for field events, poker run and more. ALL includes pancakge breakfast and lunch. After party at Biker Bob's inlcudes lunch while listening to. All proceeds benefit Macomb, St. This is an open event, all bikers welcome! Come for live bands, silent auction, great givaways,.

Bikes, Blues, and Bikinis. Ride in bike contest, bikini contest and. For more info call the Tavern at All proceeds benefit United Hospice Services. Enjoy live entertainment, bike games, pig roasts,.

For more info call Chris at Ride begins at 2pm at the Soaring Eagle Casion. All proceeds go to. Dash Plaque and Goodie Bag to the first entries. Also enjoy music by "Throck" DJ Service,. Ride for Hope Julie B. Benefits Hope Community Center for Disabled. Price includes pancake breakfast and lunch. Charity Bike Rally and Poker Run to benefit. Missing the roar of a motor during the off season? Arenacross will get your engine roaring again. Chili, beer, and music. Sounds like a good time! Beer and mixers provided, bring your own liquor.

Food, Live Music, Lot of Fun! Jody Mo Visit: Detroit Area Motorcycle Swap. March 25th - 26th, Birch Run Motorcycle Swap. First come first serve must pre-register For more information: Gibraltar Trade Center Mt. Check out custom bikes, music, food, vendors and prizes. Ray Rios was a motorcyclist who lost his life 10 years ago in an accident during Daytona Bike Week. This run supports Saginaw area veterans in his name.

A swap specifically for antique bikes! Motorcycles 35 years and older encouraged. The biggest bike blessing in Michigan! Burgers, beer and friends. Bike night hosted by All motorcycles 35 years old, or older welcome! Call ahead for a swap meet vendor space. Bubba's Memorial Weekend Classic. Two days of music, food and fun. Saturday's atraction will be a charity bike show Don't miss the poker run Sunday!

Registration 10am to 12pm day of event For more information: Annual Memorial Weekend Veterans Ride. Proceeds to support veterans. Bad Axe Bike Event. Music, poker run, vendors, games Camping available For more information: Vendors, music, and of course the blessing. Three days of camping, live music, dancing. Plus a pig roast on Saturday. This will be a weekend of impromptu rides and making new friends. This show will be held on the third Thursday of every month all summer long!

Police escorted ride Food, drinks, raffles, prizes to follow! Clare Moose Cruise for Hospice. Check out new and vintage motorcycles and cars! Food, music and refreshments to follow.

Bike show, live music, poker run and thunder parade. Fun, food, entertainment, and a charity run! July 6th - 9th, Camping, music, field events and giveaways! Burgers, beer, and friends. Camping, live shows, biker games, and more!

Or, glue two nuts to the frame and let the cable run in between. Or, split any kind of hollow tube like a pen or small metal pipe for an emergency tent pole, or pipe like thing just big enough to put the cable inside and fasten that down.

Take a round metal cylinder and flatten it and then fold the sides like a taco. Take a very small flat metal bar and fold it into a spiral or twist around the cable's space treading or twisting the cable into the inside space.

A coat hanger, shape twisted tightly around a nail will work by tight, we mean many wraps close together like a spiral back notebook. Metal will last longer but anything that works to get a rider out of a remote jam is better than nothing to include folded paper wrapped around the cable and taped down. Fit the cable into the new retainer before fastening the retainer as the process of attaching the makeshift retainer may block the ability to easily re-thread the cable through or into the replacement retainer.

Very often, the brake or shifter cable will need to be re-adjusted for the length of the new run and if it is a shifter cable then a derailer adjustment will likely be in order. Bike Shop or Home Shop Repair: A center punch from a set of different sized punches will facilitate a nearly perfect cylindrical shape. A small flat tip screw driver may be needed to open the flange or at least open the flange enough to guide in the center punch. If the flange is too open use a small plastic hammer to guide the flange into place.

Leave just enough space to allow the cable to fit between the flange edges. If the end opening is just a little bigger than the center slot's gap that is usually OK. Usually the bike shop can either re-braze a braze on cable mount but that action will destroy the paint finish it will burn from torch use.

In some cases it may be spot welded low probability. In some cases a cheaper stick-on glue-on plastic mount can be applied but this too requires a smooth clean surface and the bike will probably need to be power sanded or maybe even power grinded. Any of these actions will require paint touch-up or finishing which is the most costly aspect of all the repair work and it is purely cosmetic.

The following is a very light discussion about Shipping Issues - There is a very heavy and detailed discussion of most known issues and experiences at the Bicycle Tranport and Shipping Webpage within this web site. Generally it costs less to carry a packed bike on an airplane even with the newer bag costs and weight limits and charges than it costs to ship the bike.

There are many stories of workers in a bike shop disposing one's shipping containers because that is what they do with their factory shipments and shop storage space is valuable. Plan your gear selection before it is needed, especially for down shifting. It is naturally difficult for any quality drive system to down shift into the lowest gear settings when one is already pedaling up a slope. It is difficult to give the shift action a little pause in order to take the pressure off of the derailer and chain, in fact the very act of providing a shifting pause will probably bring the bike to a halt.

The term Gear and Low Gear comes from cars and driving vehicles. Most bicycles use sprocket rings and chains. Some bicycles use a drive shaft; some use a drive belt with teeth. Car engine pistons are connected to a Crank Shaft. Like cars, the low gear is the setting that offers the most torque and the least speed compared to other settings. If a bike has more than two rings on the front crank, the smallest ring is called a Granny Gear, usually this is a third ring but there can be more rings on the front like on some Tandem Bikes.

Many mechanics tend to clarify these points so as to avoid term usage differences or misunderstandings. Sometimes the Derailers are not labeled and one just has to figure it out. Be sure to review the Derailer Concept Picture worth a thousand words about how the adjustment Stop Screws function, their purpose is explained conceptually in this text image.

The image also lists the part names for the derailer. If the front derailer does not need adjusting, then only adjust the rear derailer. Front Derailer Adjustment, First Check: Typically, there is no rear barrel adjustor on a front derailer on and at the Front Derailer but there is often a barrel adjustor on the handlebar end. There are a few issues to regard at the same time: Warning, don't confuse the brake barrel adjuster with the shifter adjustor. Moving the barrel too far outward may make a shift skip a ring or set the chain to rub or grind on the cage.

Also, consider that maybe something else is out-of-place, like a bent ferrule house along the cable run or that a ferrule is partially out of its house, check the entire cable run particularly when trail riding or if a bike fall has occurred. Continue turn out trials in steps until optimum result. Rarely is more than a full turn needed. Remember , after adjusting and testing the gear limits, re-set the gear settings to an easy start position.

Derailer adjustment steps follow , below this Derailer Concepts Graphic. Front Derailer Adjustment, Next Do: Understand the Derailer Adjustment Concept from the previous picture just above. The chain must run through the cage and be on the Low Gear smallest front ring for the L Screw adjustments and the chain must be on the High Gear biggest front ring for H screw adjustments.

The At-Rest-Position is where the derailer cage goes when it is un-connected to the shifter cable. Typically, the At-Rest-Position is the LOW L gear chain and cage over the smallest ring position or else apply the following logic to the High H Position chain and cage over the biggest ring. Almost all Front Derailers default to the Low position when not connected to the shift cable but there are exceptions and it has to do with the design of the four-bar parallelogram that holds the chain rail cage.

Sometimes the L and H screws are not labeled. One must figure out which screw is which, in a majority of instances the L screw is to the outside on a front derailer and the inside on a rear derailer but this is NOT written in stone it can be the other way around and it can be mixed - the safest analysis method is to actually look for the Stops and reverse think the mechanical functionality.

If one was rotating the incorrect derailer adjustment screw, be sure to place it in its original position and then move to the other Screw and insure that the cage and chain are positioned correctly. Sometimes the derailer cage can be the source of a shifting or noise problem and not necessarily the shifter or its four-bar parallelogram component. If the cage is damaged or misshaped and one can get the bike to a bike shop, then do so.

However, if one is on tour in the field , then the cyclist will need to reshape the cage as best one can - this step can entail more art than science. It's not secret science but manufacturers don't reveal much in this topic area - Mechanics learn it or figure it over time. Inspect the cage and fix if needed. Sometimes, one must ride out with a limited gear selection.

See Reshaping the Cage. Actual Front Derailer Adjustments: Shifter cables take much more linear force than brake cables to me, this is counter intuitive but it is the reason why shifter and brake cables are designed different from one another and they are generally NOT interchangeable. Riders often slam a shifter into a gear setting, especially the highest and lowest gear positions and may apply much more force than tested on a mechanic's stand.

Then check the adjustment for the 'H' Screw - test by placing the chain into high gear largest front ring. If necessary, make adjustments and insure that the chain goes onto the ring without overshooting the ring, nor undershooting the ring chain noise. Always adjust the default at-rest-position's screw first; usually this is the L Screw before an H Screw. Be sure to check the rear derailers function also, test every sprocket combination - it doesn't take long. Because most bikes don't have stands, this can be interesting in the field, especially when your helper weighs pounds and is lifting the rear end of the bike and the tour load is at about 50 pounds just over the rear wheel - Always be nice to your travel partner - The bipod styled kick stand can help a lot in this situation.

Note , in case you did everything perfectly and there is still chain noise, there are other things that can cause Chain Noise worth knowing and resolving like putting a new chain on a worn sprocket Problems and Solutions for Adjusting the Front Derailer: If such is true, then one or more of the following solutions need to be implemented.

The Shifter Cable may need to be Reset typically, the slack or space comes out of the cable run, as tension over time, whereas actual cable stretch is uncommon. The Cage may need to be Reshaped. First before loosening the pinch bolt: Quickly check for any of these other conditions.

Inspect the course of the chain and insure that nothing is impeding the chain or derailer we had a water bottle in a cage, at one time, that was preventing the chain from railing onto the granny ring! Insure that the derailer is mounted properly and securely sometimes sticks get turned up and rotate the entire assembly.

Validate that the front derailer system operates in-line with the rear derailer and cassette check chain line and cages not bent or mangled. Insure that there is no shifter cable slack and IF the pinch bolt is going to be reset, THEN reset the barrel adjustor out two turns from full in IF a barrel adjustor exists AND they can be on each end of the cable. Double check the shift-cable's run for condition and any obstructions I have found cables that slipped out of their ferrules and cables that slipped out of their braze-on holders.

Make sure that the shifter is, in fact, set to the At-Rest gear position usually L [or 1], sometimes H [at max of 2 or 3 or 4 front rings].

This Step often forgotten. Reset the cable's attachment to the derailer's pinch bolt on the cable attachment arm. If there is a barrel adjustor on the front derailer extremely rare adjust it to one full turn out from the inside stop.

The cable likes to jump out of the way during this process. If there is a grove for the cable on the pinch arm, insure that the cable is placed there. The perfect tension of pull is that all slack is out but no more effort than that. A new person may need to do this a couple two or three times until the work is as desired with a proper result functional low gear shifting.

Note that in the field, it is easy to break cable strands during the Pinch Bolt reset process. Handle the cable with minimum of force or effort. One can have this done at a shop by a mechanic. Remember , after adjusting and testing the gear limits, re-set the gear settings to an easy start position - nothing like mounting up and attempting to start a bicycle in High Gear we've all done it ;-.

Undo the cable only at the derailer. Place the shifter in the same position as the Derailer At-Rest's crank ring position usually over Low Gear for the 'L' adjustment, i. Run the chain through the cage, usually in a L-L front-rear combo little front ring - big rear sprocket or else set the chain for an H-H combination big front ring - little rear sprocket. Square the derailer cage to the chain line an imaginary line from the center of front rings to the center of the rear sprockets.

This should look parallel to the centerline between the two straight tires or center of a Trike or Quad , if not, this is an additional shop issue to address later. Tighten the derailer mount, insuring that it does not move during the tightening process.

Sometimes this takes a few redo's or adjustments. Connect the Cable to the pinch bolt with the derailer in the at rest position insure that the cable is lying correctly in the placement grove, if it exists ; proper cable lies are almost always straight with no significant bends. The cage should be over or close to being centered over a ring usually the smallest ring. See Bullet 1, Previous.

Pull the shifter cable at the middle of the nearest run on the down tube or bottom tube while simultaneously spinning the pedals; you are manually shifting bypassing the shifter ; look at the clearance of the cage over all the front rings.

The cage should clear the closest gap of any of the crank rings by mm - Closest Crank Ring means the closest ring to the cage for each and every ring whose proximity tolerance must be checked. Adjust the vertical as required - This may be best done by using a piece of wood and tapping the wood lightly with the equivalent of a soft head hammer; in the field one must get creative I've used or seen used: Some derailers need to be fit perfectly and that is the only way they will work to anyone's satisfaction - In the field, accept Good Enough.

Enter an iteration cycle of adjusting and micro adjusting the derailer longitudinally and angularly and spin the pedals while shifting as needed. One may have to accept a limited set of gearing combinations. In the field, it's about survival.

However, if the problem lies in the shape of the derailer cage, then consider reshaping the cage see See Reshaping a Damaged Cage , the following 3 Bullet. Be sure to properly torque the mounting and pinch bolts for the final settings. Don't put the tools away. Go for a good test ride.

Make any final adjustments. Remember that in the field, a perfect adjustment may not happen; the repairs are being made to get the rider and the bike to a 'down the road' bike shop. If one knows the original cage shape, then that is the reshaping goal.

If one does not know the cage's shape then try to square it more or less from a top-down view and make it parallel to the chain line center line of the front rings to the center line of the rear sprockets.

The two likely causes of a damaged derailer cage are an impact crash or external caused, like a protruding branch or rock or a jammed chain in the derailer cage which usually bends the cage upward with a side twist. The 'jammed chain' type of impact can be the most destructive. If one knows the cause of the impact, then one can work better to reverse the effect of the malevolent vector forces. There are repair bending motions such that some are better done with the derailer mounted on the bike and there are some bending motions better served with the derailer off the frame.

Be mentally prepared to work both ways. Prevent any damage to the derailer's 4-Bar main unit. Needle-nose Pliers are the best field tool, then regular Pliers, and then it's a tossup between a small crescent wrench or a set of grooved pliers like Channel-Locks. Cage steel is tough to bend and brittle - it can break.

It is difficult to work on the cage and not damage the four-bar support parallelogram - be smart and forceful with control. When making adjustments, be keenly aware of the vertical spacing between the cage and crank rings for each ring's position - Ultimately, one wants mm clearance from the closest cage-sprocket shifter setting of the set of all front rings.

The field solution may be to remove the front derailer and operate the front as a fixed gear and only use the rear derailer to shift as needed. Front Derailer, Plus Drop some solder into the cable about the area of the pinch bolt contact ; Have a mechanic perform this task or do it yourself.

Heavy Duty Tour Load - The bicycle won't down-shift This is about how indexed derailers actually work: Two things can offset the problematic situation of a chain not railing onto the smallest front ring on demand. If the derailer cage can physically force the chain onto the smallest front chain ring, then this climb angle or load problem goes away.

This is about the mechanical tricks that allow a rider to force a chain onto the smallest front ring and not having any cage rub on the chain - this is advanced mechanics.

In order to counter balance the auto indexing of the L Stop setting of Consideration A, just previous , sometimes the H Stop on the High Gear biggest ring has to be opened up just a little, i. As needed, sometimes the rear end of the front derailer cage can be moved ever so slightly inward toward the frame.

This movement will sometimes allow a bump, bubble, shape or curved bend in the rear of the cage to nudge the chain onto the small ring, as desired. This is about using the shape of the cage to move the chain from the second ring onto the first ring and not every cage will facilitate this operation. Usually these are grip shifters but some trigger shifters and STI type shifters allow micro trimming. We have seen new and remounted bottle cages get in the way of the chain run, the bottles themselves, pannier mount and rack pieces, pannier bottom , and a tire pump get in the way of a clean chain run or block derailer movement.

Many rear derailer cables have slack adjustment tension nuts on both ends. Make sure that the rear barrel adjustor cable housing is 'in' the ferrule. After making an adjustment, test ride for 15 minutes or so to see if this is all the adjustment that is needed. Otherwise, an adjustment in the field while on tour, probably should not involve making any cable tension adjustments. If rear panniers are mounted, one may need to remove one or both panniers.

Then, removing one pannier may be considered, just to obtain access to the rear derailer. Note that removing the other pannier may make it easier for someone to lift the rear end and test spin the drive train system adjustment. The At-Rest-Position is where the cage goes when it is un-connected to the shifter cable.

Typically, the At-Rest-Position is the LOW L gear chain and cage over the largest cog position or else apply the following logic to the High H Position chain and cage over the smallest cog.

The chain must run through the cage and be on the Low Gear largest rear cog for the L Screw adjustments and the chain must be on the High Gear smallest rear cog for H screw adjustments. In the field, if one is travelling with panniers vs just a trailer one usually one has to remove one pannier the right rear just to get to the rear derailer. Sometimes it is easier to remove both panniers so that lifting the rear end is easier facilitated for test spinning - keep your sense of humor!

Note , in case you did everything perfectly and there is still chain noise, there are other things can cause Chain Noise worth knowing and resolving. Note, this can be an issue for people who ship bikes and reassemble the bikes at their destination. Chain Line and Cross Chain Issues: Top Mechanical Issues Directory Problem 1: Grinding metal against metal is never good.

It can be heard most of the time but not always. It shortens the life of the drive train system and in a worst case scenario it may leave a cyclist stranded somewhere. When the chain is in a line that is perfectly parallel to the bike frame, then the most energy from the cyclist's pedaling is delivered to the rear end - Cross chaining robs a cyclist of power.

So, in general, for low gearing, the chain lines up on the front and back sprockets on their respective left sides. This is good as is minimizes chain wear and maximizes rider power.

These poor combinations make the chain work at an angle across the sprockets and causes increased wear and tear on the system and it sometimes makes a notable ugly noise that sounds like metal meshing.

For most touring bikers with full loads, the most likely temptation to cross chain occurs one has already made a steep hill climb and there is a little shallow [easier climbing] slope followed by steeper slope, again - why change the front ring when the cyclist is coming right back to granny in, 20 feet, for the remainder of the climb. Not saying this is right, just saying that this is the scenario that cross-chains a touring bike the most.

Some Good Tour Bike Characteristics: Bikes with short drive chain runs are very sensitive to cross chaining than bikes with long drive chain runs. Bicycles with longer chain runs are much more tolerant of cross chaining situations some with no sprocket-chain rub noise at all. A touring cyclist is much more likely to cross chain a bike to maintain power for a few seconds than a lightly loaded relatively speaking speed bike cyclist. If all conditions are the same, the more space that there is between rear sprockets the less likely the effect of cross chaining causing side rub wear and causing chain noise - Thus improving long distance endurance and dependability.

This Inference is derived from a condition where more rear sprockets means a necessity for thinner walled chains and thinner walls do not endure as well as a thicker wall, thus a chain break is more likely given everything else being equal.

Choice, Use the existing derailer or remove the derailer! A Rear Derailer needs to be set to one and only one selected gear position. This solution can be applied to the front derailer also. The most common need for failed shifting capabilities results from crashes. There are a few other odd reasons. Crashes of this nature usually have a bent handlebar, destroyed shift system, and at least one good remaining brake. Default Indexed Derailer Position: Mountain Bike Rear Derailers usually default to the lowest gear biggest rear sprocket.

Road Bikes Rear Derailers usually default to the highest gear smallest rear sprocket. Detach derailer shift cable's inner-wire from housing. Remove the rear derailer's cable housing and stow away. If there is a cable housing ferrule at the barrel adjuster, then remove and stow away with cable housing.

If there is a barrel adjuster on the rear derailer, turn it out two turns from the all-the-way-in position. If the previously removed inner-wire has a good head and it has at least 5 inches of good wire not damaged or frayed from the crash Use the wire, as is, for now. Else, tie an overhand knot in the wire close to a good end. Pull as much slack out of the wire as possible without breaking or fraying the wire.

Try to get the knot small enough to fit inside the barrel adjuster if possible. Do NOT trim yet. Run the good inner-wire end through the barrel adjuster or rear entry hole if no barrel adjuster toward and through the pinch bolt mechanism. Make an effort to remove any pending slack in the wire but do NOT pinch down yet.

This may take a few iterations and be careful with the parallelogram. Use the barrel adjuster for fine adjustments if it exists. Sometimes one may have to get creative and tie cable at bottom of seat post for the rear derailer and run the inner-wire through the remaining cable housing. If available, finish the cable with an end cap, both to stop fraying and for safety. Ride out of harms way. The middle rear sprocket always leaves the most flexibility for setup and selection change due to chain length.

The middle sprocket is usually the statistical best one gear only riding gear. Because of chain length fit, one may need to select an adjacent rear sprocket or change front ring selection. Use chain tool to remove enough links to reconnect chain with very little chain slack. According to rumor, all indirect reports, if the chain is loose enough, it may jump to the next biggest sprocket lower gear on its own. This is OK; consider it in your chain length plan. This is a reason to think about carrying a half-link find online.

This is Dangerous and requires some bike mechanical knowledge, but some bikes will allow some chain slack to be removed by adjusting the rear wheel fit in the rear drop outs. Wheels do not have to be all the way up in a drop out, but a cyclist needs enough surface area that the skewers will hold and the wheel still needs to be center aligned for its track and for brakes disk or pad. Stow away and keep the rear derailer, cable housing and wire , remaining links, and anything else that came off the bike doughnuts, ferules, Warning this can be dangerous but sometimes one can reposition the wheel rearward in the dropouts to adjust minute chain slack amounts.

Emergency Rear Derailer Hanger: Top Mechanical Issues Directory First of all, some bike manufacturers make and sell replacement derailer hangers for their own bike frames, check with your shop. Second of all, many bike derailer hangers can be bent back into alignment with a special bike tool in a shop - best option , a large adjustable wrench preferred field option , or large tongue and groove pliers second field option.

Third, there is a commercial Emergency Rear Derailer Hanger product sold online and in shops. Set the hanger in the same axial plain as the hole was for the original hanger. Some derailer to mount bolt threading can be funky. Be gentle and patient. BTW, there is one multi-tool that has an emergency derailer hanger built into the tool frame from Wheels Manufacturing, this is the same manufacturer of the Emergency Rear Derailer Hanger product. Because of a possible chain line offset with the emergency derailer hanger there may be a sprocket or two that may not be usable or attainable.

Before riding out, check the range of the derailer stops and Re-Tune as necessary if possible. Start with the default derailer position first, it is possible that low gear on the derailer may now be sitting on the second or third sprocket also it is possible that a cyclist may have to mentally alert one's self to stop from using one or more of the high gears smallest sprockets due to possible derailer out of range limits.

Know before you go. This is an untried thought, but it seems that the emergency hanger could be hung Inside the frame's dropout as well as Outside the frame's dropout. It is not the dropout shape that holds a wheel to the axel; it is the skewer and the cam lock force.

The result, possibly, provides another choice of gear ranges high or low. If a derailer frame hole is stripped, it is a very simple matter for most bike shops to tap a larger hole and drop in a Helix wire that is the exact same threading dimension as the original standard.

Most people don't anticipate. Top Mechanical Issues Directory A slight easing of the pedal pressure while the bike moves from its own inertia allows for a smoother shift.

The cyclist has to act in the function of a 'mechanical clutch', disengaging pedal pressure as one leaves one front-rear sprocket-ring setting and withholding the pedal pressure until the chain is firmly engaged into the rider's next selection - this is all performed in less than a second Michael Smart.

Fore-Aft pressure is usually only caused by pedal pressure from the rider. Downshift before a hill , not on a hill or else everything may come to a frustrating stop. Sometimes the de-railed chain is moving so fast sideways, that it comes completely off the sprockets when it would not happen under normal shift behavior.

While this can be indicative of a mechanical problem, it is often a cyclist caused issue. This author experiences this issue of a fast shifting requirement when touring on mountain bikes on mountain trails or forest roads where there can be frenzied bursts of up and down shifting in a short period of time. Also, hard pedal pressure meant to bike out of a cage trapped chain often breaks the chain. So, for example, on an operating stable gyroscope rotating clockwise if I pushed the top axis away from me, then the gyroscope's top axis would tip to the left relative to me.

Also, the point of minimum pressure force from a leg occurs when the crank arms are vertical. This should apply to either shift derailer. So, in theory on level ground: If a cyclist were to apply their shift when the crank arms are horizontal, then the actual brute force of the shift would occur 90 degrees later at a point where the least amount of pedal pressure is applied.

The implication is that there probably is a correct time to shift [method] in order to use physics to minimize energy output and to make the shifting and the process of shifting more efficient.

There are some other implications but I haven't thought through those ideas yet. One of our most challenging shifts happens when there is a lot of pressure on a chain when the cyclist is going uphill imaging with 80 pounds of pannier tour weight too. I wonder if the above described physics is at play? I think that, maybe, the cyclist needs to be parallel to the angle of the slope to apply the shift correctly versus parallel to the tangent of gravity.

Squeaking Derailer Pulleys aka Jockey Wheels: Working with these little things can be tricky and time consuming, especially in the field. If possible, park the bike over a clean cement pad or lay a piece of plastic sheet space blanket, ground cloth, Next, one should break out a marking pen and a notebook pad, because a lot of parts look similar but are not and some pieces can go on backwards and should not! Getting the cage open is usually a straight forward process and it may require the derailer to be removed from the bike frame.

Make cage alignment marks on the two cage pieces like matching plus signs on each side of one end - a lot of cages can be re-mounted upside down. The pulley axel bolts can be different from one another and should be marked use a plus sign for the bolt that is closest to the cage's plus sign.

There may be tiny washers. Remove the pulleys one at a time do not pop the covers yet , and write down the markings on each pulley and on which side as they can be directional and it is best to remount everything just as it was. Sometimes, just one pulley may say what it is, thus the other pulley is for the other position. At a table or bench, protect an area for loose bearings, use a plastic sheet or news paper or plate or such. Be very careful at this time, because some of these jockey wheels can fall apart and they can have lots of little pieces.

There may be tiny plastic or vinyl seals; In the Field: One should not disassemble any further, just clean out the old dirty grease as best one can. There may not have been any grease. If needed, consider using denatured alcohol, Coleman fuel, or just a clean rag for cleaning. In some cases, one will just be greasing the components, knowing that at the next good bike shop one will be replacing the jockey wheels. Take all the pieces out, line them up or take notes.

There usually are no commercial replacement parts or seals, so what you take out must go back in. Clean out the old dirty grease. Use seal friendly solvent. Let it dry, or dry rub what one may. If a seal or component is bad, on will likely be purchasing new jockey wheels.

Some of these wheels have tiny bearing cartridges, some have tiny loose bearings, and some are just plastic with a cover. If the jockey wheels are just plastic no bearings , be sure to clean and grease the area that was under the covers. For any Jockey Wheel, if nothing else, heavily grease the bearings if they exist and add a little grease on each side under the cover area and put it back together. When putting the jockey wheel bolts into the cage, if one can, add a little LocTite to the pulley bolt threads, remember to re-thread the chain, and add a little LocTite to the cage bolts or add your preferred thread-lock of choice, use purple before blue, but blue is OK.

Read about Thread Lock. A bent frame component causes the rear wheel cassette to NOT line up with the front crank ring s , which results in the chain alternately aligning with the front crank or rear cassette, thus causing un-commanded gear shifting.

The solution requires some professional mechanic frame bending with special tools usually, but sometimes a frame break and weld is in order. Many bikes have a barrel adjustor on the rear derailer for the shift cable, some don't, but most bikes have a front cable adjustor at the shifter. Shift cable adjustments are not needed very often but one way to tell is that the chain should sit centered on the chain ring. This is an adjustment better made with the bike upright or in a rack as opposed to upside down.

If your adjustment just made more noise or made shifting occur two sprockets at a time, then back off the adjustment and try the other direction. IF a bike has frame couplers for shipping most don't , THEN Mystery shifting is often a symptom of coupler s working loose , usually at the bottom coupler position s.

This situation also produces the sound like Chain Trim Noise , a sound indicating that the chin cannot decide on which ring to be a sound like a derailer that needs tuning.

This brute force push of the chain can be in either direction up or down the cassette. In the field , Sprocket Points can be gently bent with an adjustable wrench - Bend only the tip, not the ring. This problem is fixed by adjusting one's riding behavior. The issue is more prevalent at the end of a long day of riding and usually the rider is quick to figure this cause-effect situation.

A derailer works for a long time, even when there is noticeable combined lateral play among the parallelogram bars and swing arm and jockey wheels. A standout feature for a worn derailer is a dramatic loss of chain tension in the swing arm. Another feature pointing to a worn derailer is that all typical solutions mentioned previously have been applied, maybe even including a rear derailer B Screw adjustment was applied to take out chain slack, and yet the mystery shifting issue won't go away.

Yes, derailers can be repaired, but there are lots of tiny parts and usually a worn derailer is 5 to 8 years old or older and one will probably have great difficulty in finding replacement parts. Do read the next bullet. This decision is best left to a mechanic to determine. Usually symptoms have been ongoing for a long time and maybe the derailer was replaced with all other issues having been addressed and yet mystery shifting still occurs.

The worst time for a mystery shift is when standing on the pedals for a hill climb, invariably a cyclist gets the saddle driven up the crotch - Ouch! Chain Facts and Background: What No One Tells You: The Inner Plates give the chain its linked flexibility and rotation ability. It is the Rollers that wear out inner diameter and outer diameter and give cause to replace the chain.

How to Re-Attach a Broken Chain. How to Loosen a Kinked Chain. A 9 Pin replacement Pin is just for a 9 speed chain pin , ditto 10 Pin for 10 speed chain. Usually, especially for warranty and safety purposes, a cyclist will want to use pins and links made by the same manufacturer as the chain, but there are 3rd party vendors that sell replacement pins and links that warrant their products as suitable for use with certain chains.

So far, only the chain width is getting narrower, but not the roller nor the sprocket for 10 and 11 speed systems. Bicycle Chain Quick Summary: A Link is formed by two half links and is 1" in total pitch and consists of two inner and two outer plates and their components: The main chain unit is fixed and does not flex; it is the inner links that rotate about the main chain unit around a pin or rivet.

Chain Size, Speed, Width: Same as 6 Speed. Same as 8 Speed. Chain Size for 8 Speed Chains: Chain Size for 9 Speed Chains: Chain Size for 10 Speed Chains: Chain Size for 11 Speed Chains: Admittedly, some stated O. Chain Dimensions may have measured only the greatest outer plate distance when rivets may be slightly wider. It is often the pin or rivet that wears on a neighboring sprocket and that is why the greatest diameter distance is the most important measurment - Also that is a reason why one looks for protruding pins or rivets in a chain inspection.

If old cogs are wider than 2. The rear group of sprockets can also be called a cassette or a cluster and may have none, one, more, or all sprockets be replaceable as individual sprockets often directly proportional to cost.

Older bikes had sprockets called cogs on a Freewheel part of the hub versus, now mostly on a Free-Hub independent of the hub or free of the hub. A bike with a 5 speed rear freewheel and 2 front crank rings was called a 10 speed bike 5 x 2. So a 10 speed bike has a 5 speed chain and a 5 speed rear cluster but don't confuse the term '10 speed bike' with '10 speed chain', two different ideas. Two leading bicycle chain manufacturers are Shimano and SRAM initials of owners, pronounced Schram ; many other good manufacturers exist in the market place.

At present, all Shimano bicycle chains use pins and only pins for connecting or reconnecting chains. SRAM uses master links to connect or reconnect chains. As one may imagine, different chain speeds use different link sizes. As far as I can determine, SRAM links are called PowerLinks for size 7, 8, and 9 speed chains; 7 and 8 speed PowerLinks are interchangeable because the chain dimensions are the same.

It is highly advised for safety and warranty that when one installs a 'new' SRAM 7, 8, or 9 speed chain, one should use a new PowerLink s. Meanwhile, as one may now intuit, Shimano has different replacement pins for each chain speed and one should never reuse a pin for Warranty, liability, and safety purposes.

The chain is long enough if it touches three pulley teeth of either pulley. No slack in the top chain run. If just replacing the chain, then make the new chain the same length as the old chain. Different Components or Bicycle? Set the shifters for the smallest cogs, front and rear. Thread the chain through the cages and hold the chain with a Chain Holder such that chain link s may be added or subtracted to the on bike chain length.

Then shorten the chain by 1 to 3 plates, depending on using pins or a master link. Some bikes with rear suspension shock systems flex in a manner that pulls on the chain and therefore the chain needs to be measured for the fully stretched state. Some bikes have adjustable fore-aft rear axle mounts, reset to shortest adjustment setting realizing that one can lengthen but not shorten the run.

Some bikes have eccentric adjustable crank housings, reset to shortest adjustment setting or neutral housing setting and be sure to NOT move the eccentric's chain line left or right. Note that when unusual components or new components are present, one should check its affect on chain length and chain line. Run the chain around the largest rings cage threading is not usually needed but with two ring front derailers one may need to thread through or else the cage may be in the way.

Pull the chain tight the chain usually wants to fall off, use a friend or device to prevent the chain from falling off. How the chain meets for connection can be different, depending on whether a master link is used inner plate to inner plate or if a pin is used inner plate to outer plate - properly account for correct chain meet-up. Determine where the links will meet AND account for whether it is a pin or masterlink connection.

If the links don't quite come together then add another link or half link depending on whether a pin or masterlink is to be used. Don't mark or cut the chain yet, there is another step. Mark or tape the chain for a break point pin removal location BUT don't un-pin the chain yet.

Set the derailers for Big to Big sprockets , thread the chain through the cages and around the pulleys, tie the chain where it needs to meet adjust for the absence of a master link if that is the connection method , then Double check for any reason that the chain should be longer AND validate that the chain does not exceed the Chain-too-Short Rule previous section.

If a cyclist gets a factory oil lubed chain or the factory installs pre-lubed chains, then there is no need for further action, HOWEVER there is nothing wrong with a re-lube for peace of mind. Cosmoline was originally a military rust and corrosion preservative that feels like an ultra thin coating of tar. Cosmoline is now used all over the world as a metal preservative. While Cosmoline or similar preservatives prevent rust or corrosion, it attracts and holds dirty particles like dust, dirt, or earth debris.

Dirty Cosmoline will not hurt idle parts but dirty parts will wear faster when put into motion like on a Cosmoline treated bike chain. Keep cleaning until one can drag the chain through a rag in a tight fist without any fibers being pulled out of the rag.

Do NOT use gasoline! Cleaning with Gasoline is a safety issue and NOT a cleaning issue. So, as a chain wears over time, the pitch changes increases in length and the changing pitch effects increased wear on the connecting sprockets. Chain pitch wear is often, incorrectly, called 'Chain Stretch' the length of the chain never changes. Thus, a worn chain mal affects sprocket wear. John Barnett states that whether a chain has bushings or not does not affect the chain oiling method [Barnett Manual DX, Ver 7, Ch 26, ].

See How to Measure Chain Wear. Road bikers but not necessarily on a road bike who are light weight, ride in flats or who take hills casually, avoid rain and dirt areas, and clean their chains regularly like weekly often report getting 2, miles or more out of their chains with a few reports of 4 to 6 thousand miles.

Cyclists who ride at gusto, always, tend to get around miles miles. This is a riding style, there is always pedal pressure and they are often out of their seat.

Bike type does not matter but this is still mostly from fair weather, hard riding, and hard road miles. By far, people who ride on hard roads, versus dirt roads, get more miles from their chain.

The Rider's weight matters; more weight in identical conditions will always result in more chain wear it shortens chain life expectancy.

Gross bike weight matters, the more the load on a bike, the more that the bike chain wears. Dirt or dirty conditions shorten chain life. By the very environment that people ride mountain bikes MBs there is more wear on the bike chain because of dirt wear in the chain that results from dirt in the environment. Bicycle trailers offer automatic chain wear. The rear drive chain of a Tandem gets about twice 2x as much wear as solo bike chains per unit of time.

Typical real tour loads range from 40 to 80 pounds. Ultralight Riders strive to get their load between 20 and 25 pounds lighter is better. There are bike-shop tools that can indicate the states of chain wear but there is a simple do it yourself test. Take the chain off the bike, lay it out on a clean surface ideal if there is a small nail brad to gently pull the chain slack away and then measure the distance to the 12th link on the far away side of the roller while pulling on the Sometimes, at super close chain inspection, one may find one roller that is extra worn or damaged.

If the rest of the chain is OK, then it is OK to consider replacing just that link section, especially if one happens to have a few spare similarly worn links.

Carry a few spare links for emergency link replacement and remember to try to be sure that the spare link types match the current chain type 9 speed vs 10 speed, pins for chain-pin match. It's cheaper to replace a chain than worn rings and sprockets. As a rule of thumb, light casual bike riding in ideal conditions and never in dirt or mud will facilitate an environment where rings and sprockets may last for five or six chain replacements i.

There are many bikes out there on their original rings and sprockets those bikes are not used for touring. Typical Touring Bikes have rings and sprockets that may last for 4, miles about four chain replacements and the heavy duty tour bikes panniers and trailer on mountain environments with camp equipment may last for 3, miles about three chain replacements.

This is based on all of the previously listed assertions. Light loads and light riders will have little better results. In general, thicker chains seem to last longer than thinner chains. Said another way, 8 Speed chains generally outlast 9 speed chains in identical usage environments, 8 is generally better than 9, Chain Tools Usage Notes: The Front Cradle or Near Cradle is designed to work on just one outer chain plate, the front most chain plate.

A bicycle chain Pin may only be pushed not pulled. Only the front chain plate is affected. The back chain plate just moves along with the pin movement. There is no pin movement on the back plate. ALL pin and plate Logical Solutions can only involve pin pushing. The Back Cradle or Far Cradle is designed to work on both outer chain plates, the front and back chain plates.

The back cradle holds, both, the front chain plate and the rear chain plate steady A pin can be and will be pushed through both chain plates. In order to connect a chain, a pin must be pushed through a pair of Outer Plates, Inner Plates, and a Roller.

Different chains have different widths, so a chain tool cannot be universally perfect for every chain. When connecting additional link segment s be sure to align the link plates such that the direction is the same, some indicators are numbers or characters on the side plate that should read the same for existing and replacement links not upside down, not reversed.

Some chains have special groves and notches that are designed to benefit shifting, in fact, because of this, it is suspected that some Campagnolo broken Chains have to replace six links at a time for something like the chain groove and notch issue - the point is that replacement links should be arranged like the original chain's links.

A tight link link bind can cause shifting problems. A Link Bind is a connection that is so tight that the chain does not flex of bend as it rolls across the sprockets or it can sometimes be viewed as kinked in clear air - a person can see a kink in the chain line as it moves through its path.

Sometimes the repair person just has to get a little tough on the manual bending and lateral flexing motions. Shape it such that the Flat C's wide points are 1. Chain Holders do not have to be too strong - they are just a convenient 3rd hand 'chain hold together and hold off the ground' tool.

One can make a jig by hammering two nails, 1. One wants a little slack in the chain ends as it helps the pieces fit together easyer It does not have to be fancy looking. Trim the legs after the shape is formed. File the end cuts free of any burs or it can scratch a roller. Keep one in each tool kit. How to Use the 'Chain Holder' for Broken Chain Repair It is used to hold two chain ends near each other and to keep the chain off the ground.

Chains are attracted to the ground like the peanut-butter side of bread. The best placement of a Chain Holder is to hook the pins on each side of the chain end about 1 inch back from each end, thus the end links are ready to be pinned or master linked. In some cases, the Chain Holder will not fit in between the inner plates, so in that situation the chain holder will have to be fitted between only the outer plates. In lieu of having a 'C' hanger, one may use a re-usable zip tie, string, wire tie, or a volunteer to hold the chain ends together to keep the chain off of the ground and from a free run.

How to Lube a Chain: If possible, flex all of the chain components. Pull the chain out after a sufficient plate gap and roller penetration, let drip dry momentarily. It is better to wipe excess oil off the chain before it is mounted to the bicycle or re-cleaned , but the excess oil and chain can be wiped away while on the bike. This method is very time consuming and expensive.

See the Following Picture. This method works effectively, efficiently, and economically, once one gets a little application practice.

Method E - Dripping the oil bottle in one spot while manually rotating the chain backwards. This method is OK but misses some rollers and may miss many side plate gaps. Why is the Subject of Penatrant Lubrication Important: Penatrant Lubricants are liquids like gasoline that have chemical properties that facilitate getting into very small nooks and crannies; penatrants can temporarily break-up or stop a corrosive or galvanic process and penatrants can temporarily act as a lubricant, but like water, penatrants are short lived.

When penatrants are mixed with light weight oil, the penatrant can act as a clearing agent to introduce oil to a small nooks or cranny area like the space between a chain roller and pin or between chain plates and rollers , but penatrants can keep oil from adhering to a chain roller, side plate, or pin. Some Products with Penatrant Properties Are: The answer is YES!

The result is very conditional: The penatrant part of the mix will be the first compound to evaporate or disappear; penatrant evaporation is just a matter of time usually 24 hours. Unfortunately, the typical touring cyclist usually does not have the time to wait around for a day or two.

Remember to oil the just cleaned chain on the following day. Bike Shops usually use Compressed Air 1,2 to expedite the drying process no matter the type chain cleaning agent. Some bikers use heat guns 1,3 like what electricians use for shrink wrap, like a hand held hair dryer to expedite the drying process. Use protective gloves heat proof, silicon, welder, or thick for heat.

In the field it is difficult to make the penatrant remnant evaporate in a timely manner; usually a chain needs to be exposed to a warm sun on a warm day to help evaporate penatrant remnant place the chain in a clear plastic bag to enhance an oven effect. Lingering Penatrant on a chain may prevent oil from reaching necessary inner friction areas. Wipe all chains as well as one can before blowing, baking, drying, or lubricating as well as for cleaning, the process reduces flammability, especially for any form of heat drying.

Beware of what may be in a compressed air nozzle and beware of the background blow area. A lightly held object can be blown out of the hand or holder. Over spray can cause undesired effects or safety issues. Always plan an escape route in case of flame think drop and roll, where to go and where to not go.

Always work where a fire will not burn anything else of value nor spread. Water Causes Rust or Corrosion, Period. Bicycle Chain Cleaning Products that are water soluble cannot be completely removed by water rinsing. Water from rinsing cannot be completely removed. Any bicycle chain cleaning activity that uses water can result in rust or corrosion particularly in the very areas that need lubrication oil protection.

THUS remnant cleaner can cause corrosion in the bicycle chain especially in the hard to reach roller and pin friction area which is exactly where lubrication is most needed AND remnant water can cause rust especially in the hard to reach roller and pin friction area which is exactly where lubrication is most needed.

Wax can protect metal. Wax can help prevent dirt collection why Mom used to wax the floor. Wax can temporarily prevent metal to metal contact so can water but it is not lasting. Wax can prevent water penetration but it can also prevent oil penetration.

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